Forum no. 11: The Electronic Waste

Forum 11 : The Electronic Waste  

Keynote Speakers:

  1. Prof. Abubaker Alsideg Mergani.
  2. Dr. Anas Latif.
  3. Dr. Mamoun Suliman.

Summary:

Definition of the electronic waste and its various types (lead, cadmium, mercury…).
* In the US in 2005, 42 million computers were discarded.
* E-waste constitutes 40 percentage  of lead and 60 percentage of heavy metals in landfills.
* Rapid technology change is increasing the consumption of electronic equipments which means more electronic waste and generation of more hazardous materials.
* Both types of e-waste have raised concern considering that many components of such equipment are considered toxic and are not biodegradable.
* Responding to these concerns, many European countries banned e-waste from landfills in the 1990s.
* The difficulty with electronic waste and many other products is that they are made from a huge range of component materials that are useless for further manufacturing until the product is dismantled and the component materials are separated – often a very difficult and expensive process.
* Electronic waste is the fastest growing component of municipal waste worldwide with 20-50 million tones generated annually.
* Finding new methods and locations to dispose of this waste is becoming problematic.
* E-waste is laden with toxic heavy metals such as lead, mercury and cadmium that can leach into water, soils and the atmosphere, posing significant environmental and human health risks (like: cancer, neurological and respiratory disorders, and birth defects).
* Most developing countries lack the waste removal infrastructure and technical capacities necessary to ensure the safe disposal of hazardous waste.
* The problem remains acute in developing countries, however, where people are more likely to live in close proximity to a landfill.
* 25 to 75 percent of used electronics shipped to developing countries are obsolete.

 

  1. For Dr. Anas Latif Presentation  Click here
  2. For Dr. Mamoun Suliman Presentation  Click here
  3. For Dr. Mamoun  CV    Click here
  4. Mr.Carl Conference Click here

 

UCEC

Coordinator & web admin of the UNESCO / Cousteau Ecotechnie Chair (UCEC)

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