Forum no.13: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

  Forum no.13: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Keynote  Speakers:

  1. Dr. Ismail Elgizouli
  2. Dr. Hanna Hamad Allah
  3. Dr. Saad Alden Ibrahim

Summary:

* UNFCCC adopted in 1992 ,the output was:
o Stabilization of GHG concentrations,
o Agreed to common but differentiated responsibility,
o Framework only – no targets.
* While Kyoto Protocol in 1997was legally binding targets for industrialized Annex I countries, Kyoto entered into force in 2005.
* Six types of gases with different global warming potential (Carbon dioxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide, Sulphur hexafluoride, Hydrofluorocarbons and Perfluorocarbone).Usually expressed in Co2 equivalent.
* CDM Benefits the developing countries by attracting the capital for projects that reduce emissions, Encourage and permit the active participation of both private and public sectors and Provide a tool for energy substitutes.
* CDM must contribute to a-non- Annex I countries sustainable development objectives through Poverty alleviation through income and employment generation.
* Improved air quality by check and control of Green House Gases Emissions and Sustainable way of energy production.

o CDM principles, the prerequisite to its application, evaluation, approval process, design and CDM procedures.
o Establishing criteria (social, economic and environmental) to serve sustainable development objectives in developing countries.
o CDM projects cycle (PIN,PDD, Validation and Verification , Regestration )and types of CDM projects (energy, waste management, land use, etc…).
o CDM goals:
o Helping undeveloped countries to achieve sustainable development.
o Developed countries to meet their commitments and reduce emissions according to Kyoto.
o Benefits of environment and investor at the same time presented in exchanging carbon and other GHGs reduced by projects.
o Transfer of technology and capital to the less developed countries.
o Importance of CDM and how to joint the Designated National Authority in Sudan (location: higher council for environment and natural resources).
o Sudan potentiality to utilize the CDM.
o Recommendation: design projects for CDM matching with the needs of sustainable development in Sudan.

  1. For Dr. Ismail Elgizouli Presentation   Click here
  2. For Dr. Hanna Hamad Allah Presentation  Click here
  3. For CDM defenition Click here

 

 

 

UCEC

Coordinator & web admin of the UNESCO / Cousteau Ecotechnie Chair (UCEC)

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