Forum no.32: Environment & Sustainable Peace in ” Tamazug ” Zone
Key note Speakers:
1.Dr. Lual Deng – Fedral Minister of Petroleum
2.Dr. Abuelgasim Gore – Sudan University for Science & Technology
3.Dr. Mohammed Mahjoub Haroon – Institute of Peace – Khartoum
*Sustainable peace within conflict studies framework.
*Environmental resources & conflict theories.
*Peace building generally aims to ensure the conditions for ‘negative peace’, which means absence of violent conflict, while for ‘positive peace’ a more comprehensive understanding related to the institutionalization of justice and freedom is seen.
*U.N identified six threats to international peace or human security like economic and social threats, poverty, infectious disease and environmental degradation. 90 percentage of current conflicts are found in the poorest 30 percentage of the world.
*Protection, sustainable management of environment and placing a positive value on the planet natural assets is the peace policy of the future.
*The twin role of natural resources in motivating and fueling conflict is being increasingly recognized. The mechanisms through which natural resources induce conflict are often deeply rooted in economic and social structures.
*Examples of conflict areas: gulf war, Halayeb, Libya-Chad, etc…
*No development without environmental sustainability.
*Conflict in Tamzug areas in Sudan like Abyei goes back to environmental deterioration and climate changes, resolutions should be based on that causes.
*Abundant environmental resources can turn into resource curse (violent conflict), while in other cases the same resources may raise wealth that contributes to political stability and peace!.
*Natural resource scarcity leads to over-exploitation of these natural resources (desertification & socio-political instability).
*Wise and justified sharing of the available resources make peace.
*Resources may be captured for economic or political leverage; examples of resources capture are found in some parts of the world where there are acute shortages of water, namely the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.
For Dr. Abuelgasim Gore Presentation Click here