Key note Speakers:
- Mr. Claudio Caldarone – UNDP Country Director-Sudan
- Dr. Eltayeb Mustafa – Future University President
The Millennium development Goals declaration is a defining moment for global cooperation in the 21st Century when the adoption of the Millennium Declaration in the year 2000 took place by 189 Member States of the UN General Assembly.
* The MDGs require developing and developed countries to form a global partnership and to overcome the remaining challenge of how to sustain the momentum on the MDGs up to 2015 and beyond.
* The MDGs are good despite their problems, such goodness as:
* Have helped to improve governments planning,
* Have been critical to align donors around goals.
* At the same time negatives of MDGs can be:
* Ignoring other important developmental issues: changing trade rules, governance, the private sector, etc…and the lack of analysis and justification for the chosen goals,
*They are good in theory but some times poorly implemented.
* The integration of sustainable development in the MDGs is a very challenging goal; production (manmade capital) should be consistent with natural resources, for this to happen the ‘North’ of the world should grow less to allow the ‘South’ to grow more and achieve the MDGs.
* Global 8 MDGs Review:
* Progress on poverty reduction has been uneven and is now threatened
* Hunger is increasing and remains important global challenge
*Full and decent employment for all remains unfulfilled
* Significant progress on universal access to education but the goal remains unmet
* Insufficient progress on gender equality
* Significant progress on some health-related MDGs
* Least progress in reducing maternal mortality
* Limited progress on environmental sustainability
* With respect to the eighth goals—to create a global partnership for development—member states have made concrete commitments focusing in particular on the areas of trade, official development assistance, external debt, essential medicines and technology, important & comprehensive progress has been made in the debt problems of developing countries, while slow progress has been made in the MDG target of improving trade.
* Sub-Saharan Africa has made huge improvements in child health and in primary school enrolment over the last two decades.
* The East Asia and Pacific region has made dramatic progress in reducing poverty-from 56 percentage in 1990 to 18 percentagein 2005. *The regions closing to achieve the under-five mortality target are: Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe and Central Asia.
* No region is on track to achieve MDG 5: Maternal mortality!
* Middle East, North Africa (0.1 percentage) and East Asia (0.2 percentage) record the lowest HIV/AIDs prevalence rate in 2007 when developing countries average is 0.9 percentage .
* Overall in Arab states the MDGs implementation is going on except issues of gender, malaria has been almost eliminated in the majority of Arab countries, but still remained highly endemic in the Arab poorest states in 2006 along with T.B and this is seen in some rural areas as a result of bad sanitation and lack of clean drinking water. Generally MDGs Progress is uneven among and within countries of the region.
* Since 1990, financial development to Arab countries has been, to a large extent, driven by the own interests of donor countries rather than by the evidence-based development challenges and priorities on the ground.
* Donor commitments were reaffirmed in the 2005 World Summit but in 2008, only five donor countries respected these commitments and reached the 0.7 per cent of their GNI.
* The current crisis in the Arab region has its roots in development failures.
* Examples of progress in achieving the MDGs in Sudan are:
* Gross Enrolment Rate in basic education increased from 65 percentage in 2004 to 71 percentage in 2009 in North Sudan and proportion of seats held by women in parliament 25 percentage in 2010
* Literacy rate for 15-24 years old persons increased from 27 percentage in 1990 to 69 percentage in 2009 and to 72.5 percentage in 2010. * Deaths from malaria declined from 35,000 in 2001 to 8,840 in 2009.
* While the examples of slow progress in Sudan are:
* Net enrolment rate still stands at 49 percentage of 2008.
* About 50 percentage of births attended by skilled personnel.
* Population using improved water source 56.1 percentage in the year 2006 and population using improved sanitation facility 31.4 percentage in the year 2000.
* Little or no progress:
* Nationally, one third (31 percentage) of children under the age of five years are moderately or severely underweight. * Infant mortality rate rose from 81/1000 to 92/1000 between 2004 and 2008.
* MDGs challenges in the world:
* Financial resources for the implementation of the MDGs given sanctions and the lack of participation in HIPC to reduce the country’s debt burden.
* Boosting and strengthening statistical capacity to furnish reliable and accurate data that enable monitoring, tracking and evaluation of performance regarding the MDGs and socio-economic development domains.
* However, even with these challenges achieving the MDGs is possible in Sudan-with concerted efforts from development partners, continued political commitment and increased capacity and resources, the MDGs can be achieved.
* Sudan has launched a Five-Year Development Plan within a 25 years strategy (2007-2031) including poverty reduction and other MDGs goals; also the theme for the next five years plan is going to be “MDGs”. Sudan has ongoing efforts to accelerate progress in achieving the MDGs
* Importance of the MDGs beyond 2015 for many countries.
* The successful Malaysian model.
For Mr. Claudio Caldarone Presentation Click here