Forum no.43: Environmental impact of Non-Ionizing Radiation.
Key note speaker: :
Dr. Siddig T Kafi – Department of Medical Physics & Biophysics, Al-Neelain University.
Understanding the impact of the Non-Ionizing Radiation (NIR) on the environment requires an understanding of the effect of mobile telephony, power lines, and the most important the E-waste management.
There are different sources for the NIR i.e. natural origin (such as sunlight, lightening discharges, etc), as well as manmade (i.e. wireless communications, industrial, scientific and medical applications). The NIR spectrum is divided into two main regions optical radiations and electromagnetic fields.
NIR has two main effect recognized in biological material; Thermal effects (by raising the temperate of the biological cell), Non-thermal effects (electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic). The purposeful ignorance of the thermal effect is highly criticized by several international organizations such as World Health Organization (WHO), etc. Consequently, several countries developed their national guidelines based on its affect on health and environment.
Mobile Telephony: has a destruction impact on neurological system causing very serious diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, in addition to initiating cancer.
Mobile Phone Base – Stations: has an adverse impact documented from several published researches on human, other animals, birds, wildlife, bees, and vegetation cover (i.e. its germination) respectively.
Power lines: both underground / overhead have negative impact on health, human, other animals, and vegetation cover.
Electronic Waste: considered as hazardous waste for its harmful effect on human health and negative impact on the environment for its toxicity (it includes carcinogenic elements such as Pb, CR, Br, Li, Cu, HG, etc), corrosion, reactivity, and / or ignitability.
This is such as LCD, computer peripherals, electronic appliances, etc. 7 tons of lead are deposited into the Sudanese environment from cell phone scratches only every year.
Subsequently, the following aspects have to be considered, regular environmental impact assessments and researches is essential; revising, updating, and activating national guidelines for controlling any anthropogenic activities in this respect; involving all stakeholders and decision makers such as line ministries, scientific institutes, and activities.
For Dr. Siddig T Kafi Presentation Click here
Presented at: Eco-Sustainability Forum (43), Future University – Khartoum / Sudan, May 7th 2012